History of Inuit and European Settlement Topic of Archaeology Lecture

Amanda Crompton to speak at The College of Wooster on Nov. 2

19 October, 2015 by John Finn

WOOSTER, Ohio – Amanda Crompton, visiting assistant professor of archaeology at Memorial University in St. John’s, Newfoundland, will presentKayaks and Chaloupes: The Maritime Landscapes of Inter-Cultural Contact in Labrador, Canada,” on Monday, Nov. 2, at The College of Wooster. The lecture, which is free and open to the public, begins at 7:30 p.m. in Lean Lecture Room of Wishart Hall (303 E. University St.). A reception with beverages and snacks will follow the presentation in the foyer outside of the lecture room.

Crompton’s lecture will detail the history of Inuit and European settlement in Labrador, Canada. This region was, from the 16th-18th centuries, a crossroads for many people drawn particularly by the rich marine resources. Crompton will discuss the ways in which these interactions affected the lives of both European fishermen and Inuit traders. By the 16th century, groups of Inuit had moved down the coast from the north, while ships from the east brought transient French fishermen and Basque whalers from Europe. Collectively, these groups were drawn into annual encounters, in which Inuit exchanged marine products and manufactured goods. More than anything, Inuit desired the French fishing boats, called “chaloupes,” which they used alongside their own traditional kayaks. The French were less likely to trade their chaloupes willingly, and the struggle over maritime vehicles would lead to conflict over maritime landscapes. These cyclical, yearly encounters affected the daily lives of all involved.

Crompton specializes in historical archaeology, French colonial archaeology, French fishery, and Trade networks. She earned her Ph.D. at Memorial University.

Crompton’s lecture is sponsored by the Archaeology Student Colloquium, the Program in Archaeology, the Local Society of the Archaeological Institute of America, the Cultural Events Committee, and the local chapter of Lambda Alpha National Honorary Society in Anthropology. Additional information is available by phone (330-263-2042) or e-mail.